Croatia - 1992
Operation ‘Harmony’: ‘Peacekeeping’, ‘Peacemaking’ and ‘Warfighting’ in the Former Yugoslavia
Operation HARMONY was Canada’s contribution to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which was created in February 1992 to ensure the protection and demilitarization of three “UN Protected Areas” in Croatia. Its mandate was soon expanded to include observation activities elsewhere in Croatia: monitoring demilitarization and the implementation of various cease-fire agreements.
During its existence, UNPROFOR was also responsible for ensuring the security and functioning of the airport at Sarajevo, the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Sarajevo and throughout Bosnia- Herzegovina, the protection of convoys of released civilian detainees, the monitoring of the “no-fly” zone in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the “UN safe areas” established by the Security Council around five Bosnian towns and the city of Sarajevo, and the monitoring of the border areas of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
Its significance to Canada was that it showed the difficulty of peacetime soldiering. A ‘peacekeeping’ mission became one of ‘peacemaking’, and led to the biggest battle fought by Canadian solders since the Korean War.